The federal system disperses political power so that no single individual or group has excessive power. 5. Directions: Answer the following for the 4 benefits of a Federal System. Advantage of Federal Gov't Allows local states to exercise their own power in their individual states (self-rule) brings gov't closer to the people Disadvantage of Federal Gov't Sacrifices national uniformity on some particular issues (legalization of marijuana) therefore each states' matters differentiates. The is no benefits in Federal System to any country. In such countries only federal government is possible, because this system brings unity in diversity; the separate authority of the provinces is recognised and they are made autonomous. Some of the pros and cons of federalism will be given, with reasons as to why it is believed that the benefits of federalism outweight its detriments. This strengthens democracy. Unitary governments can easily replicate. Here are some of the most important key points. The cycle goes something like this: 1) taxes are set at a certain level to pay for government and its present programs; 2) then the economy picks up, and tax revenues provide a surplus to the state (this includes revenues that come from federal government grant-in-aid programs that are formula-driven matching grants) ; 3) then the politicians, instead of lowering the tax rate, or saving excess monies for a later time of economic downturn, decide to use that extra money to create a new government program that wins over the voting public so that they can re-elect him/her; 4) the voting public starts to get used to the new government program, depending on it and eventually taking it for granted; 5) then when the next economic downturn arrives, since the state now is running a deficit, the politicians have to convince the voting public that they need to raise taxes to cover the deficit, or face losing a program that they now depend on, in which case the public usually concedes to higher taxes in order to keep that program running; 6) then the taxes are once again set at a proper level to pay for government and its present programs, causing the cycle to start over once again. The regular supply of necessities is ensured in scarcity areas without much expenditure. I believe so. Further, its easier to give specific directions if you can narrow things down by state boundaries. The world-known politicians are of the belief that world’s government is the only solution to the problem of world peace. For this reason, a federal system of government is the best system of government for a multi-ethnic country. 1. The advantages and disadvantages of Local Self Government is discussed below. (2) Division of powers between the Centre and States leads to administrative efficiency: With the division of powers, the burden of work on the centre is lessened and the centre has not to bother about the problems of a purely local nature. Benefit # 1: Federalism protects against the decisions of the majority infringing on the minority. Provincial government representatives live in close proximity to the people and are most of the times from the same community, so that they are in a better position to understand these problems and offer unique solutions for them. It would be even more difficult to have control over the laws that govern over our lives if we had a world government and put most control in their hands.). Many americans feel tied closely to their home state, since federalism helps maintain a connection with the power given to the states. An advantage of federalism relevant to me is the loyalties fostered in the state. All in all, I think our system is superior even to the parliamentary and cabinet system found in the United Kingdom, as well the confederation system found in Canada, as well as the one preceding our present system. In this type of government, local self-government, regional autonomy and national unity are possible. One of the main advantages of a federal system is the degree of autonomy that regional governments have been granted in deciding their local laws, despite being part of a whole. Definition of Federal System of Government 2. States or provinces in India could neither defend themselves against expansionist China and aggressor Pakistan, nor could they establish their political and cultural relations with other countries of the world, in their individual capacity, as every state had lacked ample economic resources to meet all the expenses. Fifty states of America could not defend themselves individually. (3) People take more interest in local and regional affairs: In a federal government the provinces, regions or the states enjoy separate rights and they have separate cabinets and legislatures. 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