In 1454, another bull titled Romanus Pontifex furthered that thinking, sanctifying the seizure of non-Christian lands in parts of Africa and restating the legitimacy of enslaving non-Christian people. A blog about African history, and heritage, through audio and video files. It sickens me how people can colonize and act on genocidal impulses all in the name of God. The document supported Spain’s strategy to ensure its exclusive right to the lands discovered by Columbus the previous year. One of the early papal bulls of this set, Dum Diversas, accorded rights to the King of Portugal to attack, conquer and subjugate Saracens (Muslims) and pagans (non-Christians). And, you wonder why England, Spain, Portugal and Italy are being hit hard by the virus ? The bull, Pope Nicholas V ‘s decree, of 1452 was addressed to Afonso V and conceded Portugal’s right to attack, conquer and subjugate Saracens and pagans; this is also known as Dum Diversas. Click here for details. The Dum Diversas, the Romanus Pontifex and the Inter Caetera Papal Bulls serve as the basis & justification for the Doctrine of Discovery, the global slave-trade of the 15th & 16th centuries, and the United States government’s Age of Imperialism. We grant you [Kings of Spain and Portugal] by these present documents, with our Apostolic Authority, full and free permission to invade, search out, capture, and subjugate the Saracens and pagans and any other unbelievers and enemies of Christ wherever they may be, as well as their kingdoms, duchies, counties, principalities, and other property […] and to reduce their persons into perpetual servitude, PT/TT/BUL/0007/29 and is fully translated to French in the book, Dum Diversas or The Vatican’s Authorization of Slavery, Notes to Grandchildren (George Floyd and Rayshard Brooks) | jcfunk, 15th century papal edicts authorized the African slave trade, Indigenous land seizures |, Proverbe sur la fausse amitié / Proverb on Fake Friendship, “Jébalè / Jebale” by Elolongue Epanya Yondo, Innovation in the Face of Adversity: Using Tech to Prevent Car Theft… with no Internet, Diego Maradona, The Golden One, and Africa, GoodBye to Amadou Toumani Touré (ATT) -Former President of Mali, So Long to J.J. Rawlings: Former President of Ghana, Proverbe sur les grandes choses apportant de grands obstacles / Proverb on Great Things bringing in Great Hurdles, Chameleon last seen a Century Ago in Madagascar found again, Proverbe Camerounais sur la Descendance / Cameroonian Proverb on Offsprings, Alexander Pushkin, the Black father of Russian literature, Adinkra Symbols and the Rich Akan Culture, "Ils sont venus ce soir" / "They Came Tonight" by Leon Gontran Damas, Kente Cloth: An Ashanti Tradition dating Centuries back. Editor’s note: It may seem like papal statements from 500 years ago are ancient history. Papal Bulls Dum Diversas Begin Black Enslavement 1 VaticanAssasins666 VaticanAssasins666. You are a Nigritian, which is YOUR NATION that no one and no thing can prevent you from using." In 1452, the papal bull Dum Diversas instructed the Portuguese crown “to invade, capture, vanquish, and subdue all Saracens, pagans, and other enemies … Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. I knew that the Catholic Church via the Pope had authorized slavery in the 1400s, but I didn’t know that they had authorized the eradication, subjugation, etc, of African people. Over the centuries, the doctrine evolved. A significant subsequent concession given by Nicholas V in a brief issued to King Alfonso in 1454 extended the rights granted to existing territories to all those that might be taken in the future. This facilitated the Portuguese slave trade from West Africa. Please find below the Papal bull by Pope Nicholas V. This is just so saddening. Those ideas are traced to Vatican documents called papal bulls of the fifteenth century and ... As a follow-up to the Dum Diversas, it extended to the Catholic nations of Europe dominion over “discovered lands” during the Age of Discovery. That “pattern of thought” then began marching through history. The Doctrine of Discovery, 1493 | The Papal Bull "Inter Caetera," issued by Pope Alexander VI on May 4, 1493, played a central role in the Spanish conquest of the New World. It was a letter written to the same King Alfonso V of Portugal as a follow-up to the Dum Diversas. Papal bulls from the 1400s condoned the conquest of the Americas and other lands inhabited by indigenous people. 2. “We grant you [Kings of Spain and Portugal] by these present documents, with our Apostolic Authority, full and free permission to invade, search out, capture, and subjugate the Saracens and pagans and any other unbelievers and enemies of Christ wherever they may be, as well as their kingdoms, duchies, counties, principalities, and other property […] and to reduce their persons into perpetual servitude.”. “It changed based on what the colonizer wanted to do.”, In 1823, a turning point was reached in its “ideological essence.” In the U.S. Supreme Court case Johnson v. M’Intosh — which involved a land dispute — “a new type of property ownership,” was created for Native Americans, Jeffers said, “a lesser form of ownership.”. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. I knew that the Catholic Church via the Pope had authorized slavery in the 1400s, but I didn’t know that they had authorized the eradication, subjugation, etc, of African people. It authorizes (King) Alfonso V of Portugal to reduce any “Saracens (Muslims) and pagans and any other unbelievers to perpetual slavery. Shoot, the first slave ship to capture Africans was called Jesus of Lubeck AKA the Good Ship Jesus captained by John Hawkins of England. But Native American activists and scholars insist that Catholicism's past continues to affect the present. The potentates of the old world found no difficulty in convincing themselves that they made ample compensation to the inhabitants of the new, by bestowing on them civilization and Christianity, in exchange for unlimited independence. It extended to the Catholic nations of Europe dominion over discovered lands during the Age of Discovery or Age of Exploration. Papal bulls issued by Pope Nicholas V Dum Diversas in 1452. and Pope Alexander VI issued Inter Caetera in 1493 ... archaic and quite frankly outdated document is not repudiated by the Vatican,” Tukaki says. ( Log Out / In 1454, the Pope followed up Dum Diversas with Romanus Pontifex, which granted Portugal the more specific right to conquer and enslave all peoples south of Cape Bojador.5 Taken together, these papal bulls did far more than grant exclusive rights to the Portuguese; they signaled to the rest of Christian Europe that the enslavement of sub-Saharan Africans was acceptable and encouraged. Visiting the official website of the Holy See one can browse: the Magisterium of the Supreme Pontiffs (from Pope Leo XIII to Pope Francis); the fundamental texts of Catholicism in various languages (the Sacred Bible, the Catechism of the Catholic Church, the documents of the Second Vatican Council and the Code of Canon Law); the documents of Dicasteries, Bodies and Institutions of the Roman Curia His email address is. Join us for a virtual Advent reflection series with Dan Schutte. Papal Bull Dum Diversas 18 June, 1452 Pope Nicholas V issued the papal bull Dum Diversas on 18 June, 1452. In 1452, the papal bull Dum Diversas instructed the Portuguese crown “to invade, capture, vanquish, and subdue all Saracens, pagans, and other enemies of Christ, to put them into perpetual slavery, and to take away all their possessions and property.”. Apologies and repudiations have been made: Pope John Paul II. However, “the thing with these U.N. declarations,” Jeffers said, “is that they have no real teeth, so countries quibble about what is in them.” Without “real enforcement power,” the colonial model remains in place. It stipulated that tribes were dependent on the federal government. The majority of these documents were originally found on the original St. Michael’s Depot site which is no longer online. “And not just in the United States,” he added, but also “in Australia, New Zealand and Canada,” where large indigenous populations exist. Rubbish, Christianity has always been the root of all evil upon this planet, from the get go! Vatican II – 1962-1965. 1452-1865 413 yrs of chattel slavery with perpetual servitude conscienceness. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Change ). This series of papal bulls had an impact here in the Tyler, Texas area. Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. The Doctrine of Discovery, while not mentioned by name, was given a legitimating stamp. By these decree, Pope Nicholas V conceded to the King of Portugal Afonso V and Prince Henry and all their successors, all their conquests of Africa, and reduction to perpetual servitude of all people deemed non-believers and enemies of Christ, and all their properties. A papal bull is a document through which a pope of the Roman Catholic Church issues an important public decree, letters patent, or charter. Vatican pushed to abolish doctrine of discovery, Papal bulls authorizing colonization should be repealed, indigenous groups say According to Steven Newcomb, a columnist for Indian Country Today and co-founder of the Indigenous Law Institute, what became known as the Doctrine of Discovery originated from a series of papal bulls issued in the era following the Crusades. Dum Diversas (English: Until different) is a papal bull issued on 18 June 1452 by Pope Nicholas V. It authorized Afonso V of Portugal to conquer Saracens and pagans and consign them to … Dum Diversas The Papal Bull June 18 1452 by Pope Nicolas V & Slave Trade, Berlin Conference 1884 ... Niggas and Nigritia 2013. Slaves on board a ship. It authorised Alfonso V of Portugal to reduce any “Saracens (Muslims) and pagans and any other unbelievers” to perpetual slavery. The same pope wrote the bull Romanus Pontifex on January 5, 1455 to the same Alfonso. In 1452 Pope Nicholas V issued a papal bull entitled Dum Diversas, which authorized Afonso V of Portugal to conquer “ Saracens (Muslims) and pagans” in a disputed territory in Africa and consign them to “perpetual servitude.” Together with a second reference to some who have already been enslaved, this has been used to suggest that Nicholas sanctioned the purchase of black slaves from “the infidel”: “… many Guineamen and other negroes, taken by force, and some by barter of unprohibited articles, or by other lawful contract of purchase, have been … converted to the Catholic faith, and it is hoped, by the help of divine mercy, that if such progress be continued with them, either those peoples will be converted to the faith or at least the souls of many of them will be gained for Christ.”. Chief Justice John Marshall’s ruling stated: On the discovery of this immense continent, the great nations of Europe were eager to appropriate to themselves so much of it as they could respectively acquire. Johnson v. M’Intosh became the cornerstone of U.S. federal Indian law, Jeffers said. If the slave ship was called ‘the Good Ship Jesus’ then Jesus must be a slave master, the Lord of Darkness. 1455 (January 8) Romanus Pontifex ("The Roman pontiff") Nicholas V : Sanctifies the seizure of non-Christian lands discovered during the Age of Discovery and encourages the enslavement of natives. The decision precluded “the tribe from rekindling embers of sovereignty that long ago grew cold,” Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg wrote for the majority. For instance, in 2005, the Supreme Court referenced the Doctrine of Discovery in the first footnote to the case City of Sherrill v. Oneida Indian Nation of New York, which maintained that parcels of tribal land sold and later repurchased by the Oneida were neither tax exempt nor sovereign. The first bull of consequence was issued in 1436 and titled Romanus Pontifex, he said. The first castle 1482, Columbus sails the ocean blue in 1492 and conquest after conquest under the guise of … Slavery in America was in keeping with language authorizing slavery in the Vatican document Dum diversas and other such documents issued in the 1450s. Yes. The papal documents led to an international norm called the Doctrine of Discovery, which dehumanized non-Christians and legitimized their suppression by nations around the world, including by the United States. In fact, we, all mankind, are "niggas". From th… This was something I learned about a couple of years ago which makes the religious aspect in the slave trade far harsher in hindsight. If you are a teacher or involved in ministry: While supplies last, we are offering complimentary reprints of this entire special report. Pope Nicholas V issued the papal bull Dum Diversas on 18 June, 1452. I was aware about some papal bulls in regards to subjugating Africans and Native Americans, but I didn’t know about this. ( Log Out / In 1493, after Christopher Columbus’ fateful voyage, Inter Caetera granted Ferdinand and Isabella “full and free power, authority, and jurisdiction of every kind,” over almost all of the Americas, save for a portion of modern-day Brazil and a few island outposts. Dum Diversas or The Vatican’s Authorization of Slavery. Thank you KhamitHEthics. Indigenous activists maintain that the inequality perpetuated by U.S. federal Indian law continues to leave Native American legal claims stuck in the mud. But, as they were all in pursuit of nearly the same object, it was necessary, in order to avoid conflicting settlements, and consequent war with each other, to establish a principle, which all should acknowledge as the law by which the right of acquisition, which they all asserted, should be regulated as between themselves. This is Part Five of a six-part series on the legacy of the Doctrine of Discovery. It also served as the legal basis for boardingforeign ships in that area. The U.S., Australia, New Zealand and Canada initially held out on signing, but have since endorsed the U.N. document. © Dr. Y. and www.afrolegends.com, [2009-2020]. It authorised Alfonso V of Portugal to reduce any “Saracens (Muslims) and pagans and any other unbelievers” to perpetual slavery. Pope Nicholas V issued the papal bull Dum Diversas. The pope also promised the remission of sins for anyone who joined this “crusade.” Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Dum diversas: Nicholas V: Authorizes Afonso V of Portugal to reduce any Muslims, pagans and other unbelievers to perpetual slavery. I did not know about that first slave ship being called ‘Jesus of Lubeck’ or ‘the Good Ship Jesus’. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! A more recent 2011 Supreme Court ruling severely limited a tribe’s ability to sue the federal government over fiduciary trust indiscretion. Unauthorized use and/or duplication of this material without express and written permission from this blog’s author/ owner is strictly prohibited. It authorised Alfonso V of Portugal to reduce any “Saracens (Muslims) and pagans and any other unbelievers” to perpetual slavery. First by the Spanish and then later by settlers coming from the East. Now Native Americans say the church helped commit genocide and refuses to come to terms with it. on 18 June, 1452. Dum Diversas (English: Until different) is a papal bull issued on 18 June 1452 by Pope Nicholas V. It authorized Afonso V of Portugal to conquer Saracens and pagans and consign them to “perpetual servitude”. On June 18, 1452, Pope Nicholas V issued a papal bull called Dum Diversas which he addressed to Alfonso V of Portugal. Excerpts and links may be used, provided that full and clear credit is given to Dr. Y. and www.afrolegends.com with appropriate and specific direction to the original content. Each bull incorporated language from preceding bulls, he said, forming a mosaic of papal license that was “taken to distant, non-Christian lands and used as a template, an authorization for what I call a dehumanization and domination of non-Christian peoples throughout the planet. Perpetual servitude became the order of the day legitimized by the Pope after Pope. This principle was, that discovery gave title to the government by whose subjects, or by whose authority, it was made, against all other European governments, which title might be consummated by possession. The same pope wrote the bull Romanus Pontifex on January 5, 1455 to the same Alfonso. A papal bull is a document through which a pope of the Roman Catholic Church issues an important public decree, letters patent, or charter. All the names of countries in "Africa" concocted out of their Berlin Conference of 1884 are fiction. It authorizes (King) Alfonso V of Portugal to reduce any “Saracens (Muslims) and pagans and any other unbelievers to perpetual slavery. Learn more here, Copyright © The National Catholic Reporter Publishing Company | 115 E. Armour Blvd., Kansas City, MO 64111 | 1-800-444-8910, In January 1891, the bodies of four Lakota Sioux are seen wrapped in blankets, three weeks after the Dec. 29 massacre by U.S. forces at Wounded Knee River on the Pine Ridge reservation in South Dakota. This facilitated the Portuguese slave trade from West Africa. Issued less than a year before the Fall of Constantinople in 1453, the bull may have been intended to begin another crusade against the Ottoman Empire. Owners… The First General Council of the Vatican, 1869-70 21. In 2007, the United Nations issued the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, a landmark document that provided what Native American scholar and attorney Walter Echo-Hawk once called a “human rights framework” for replacing the colonial MO. They say it resulted in disaster and genocide for native peoples, but that its legacy remains largely overlooked. His email address is firstname.lastname@example.org.]. Cancel Unsubscribe. ”. Africa is a LIE. With the bull the Portuguese had a monopoly for trade in the new areas in Africa and Asia. The campaign was justified as a crusade. On May 30, 2019 May 31, 2019 By Dr. Y. Re-read the part where it says, someone had the authority to enslave Israelites. Its vast extent offered an ample field to the ambition and enterprise of all; and the character and religion of its inhabitants afforded an apology for considering them as a people over whom the superior genius of Europe might claim an ascendency. “In 1600, it meant something different than it did in 1650,” he said. The bull, Pope Nicholas V‘s decree, of 1452 was addressed to Afonso V and conceded Portugal’s right to attack, conquer and subjugate Saracens and pagans; this is also known as Dum Diversas. Scholars say the Doctrine of Discovery holds immense importance in world history. Papal Bull Dum Diverersas - 18 June 1452 Pope Nicholas V issued the papal bull Dum Diversas on 18 June, 1452. This is a brief over-view of the Pope Alexander VI's Demarcation Bull - May 4th 1493. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Gather your troops (1 million strong), because Michael the Archangel is on his way.. Pingback: Notes to Grandchildren (George Floyd and Rayshard Brooks) | jcfunk, Pingback: 15th century papal edicts authorized the African slave trade, Indigenous land seizures |. 1. More bulls followed, said Newcomb, author of the book Pagans in the Promised Land: Decoding the Doctrine of Christian Discovery. 3. Earlier Papal bulls, such as Pope Nicholas V 's Dum Diversas (1452) and Romanus Pontifex (1454), permitting the "perpetual servitude" of saracens and pagans in Africa, were used to justify the enslavement of natives and the appropriation of their lands during this era. Send your thoughts and reactions to Letters to the Editor. Loading... Unsubscribe from VaticanAssasins666 VaticanAssasins666? These clearly refers to the lands along the coast of West Africa. Nicholas issued the bull "Dum Diversas" (18 June 1452) authorizing King Alfonso V of Portugal to "attack, conquer, and subjugate Saracens, pagans and other enemies of Christ wherever they may be found." This bull is currently conserved at the Institute of the National Archives of Torre do Tomba in Lisboa, Portugal, under the reference PT/TT/BUL/0007/29 and is fully translated to French in the book “le Péché du pape contre l’Afrique” (The Sin of the Pope against Africa) (éd. I look forward to watching it! Comment: Most of the encyclicals on this site come from the 5 volume set, “The Papal Encyclicals 1740-1981” published by Pierian Press. In Great Moments 12 Comments. It concerned “the concession of the right of domination over the Guanches people” and the Canary Islands, which was taken over by the crown of Castile, a medieval state in the Iberian Peninsula. Pope Nicholas V issued the Papal Bull Dum Diversas on 18 June, 1452. You can even trace that to Leopold just a few centuries later since he was a self-identifying Catholic, but even the Protestants were in on the slave trade and subjugation as well (see the British empire). Somehow I never connected the two. 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This is the kind of stuff makes it hard to separate the doctrinally good things of Christianity from the horrible things perpetrated by its proclaimers. It all commenced from Abraham, thank you i will credit you with a YOUTUBE video this is serious.. thanks YOU. What was the Doctrine of Discovery? In late spring of 1452 Byzantine Emperor Constantine XI wrote to Pope Nicholas for help against the impending siege by Ottoman Sultan Mehmed II. Somehow I never connected the two. So just like the POPE and CATHOLIC CHURCH legalized the Trans-Atlantic slave trade via the Papal Bull Dum Diversas on 18 June, 1452, and the “Holy” Roman Inquisition which tortured and killed millions, they will use their widespread hegemony which will hang on the EU military and International Criminal Court to legally enslave, torture, and kill anyone who does not willingly take the mark of the … The bull marked the first time the papacy “made it look as though no one was living there,” or had any ownership over the land being pursued by European powers, “because there were no Christians there,” Newcomb said. The bull allowed the Portuguese king to launch a campaign against, capture, and enslave non-Christians of Africa. Racism coursed through the doctrine and the bulls that informed it, Jeffers said, but its origins were ultimately political, stemming from the “Vatican trying to come to terms with the discovery of the New World … and trying to head off massive wars between Spain and Portugal” over gold. King Afonso V gave a ceremonial lecture on the bull in Lisbon Cathedralon October 5, 1455 to inform the foreign representatives of commerce. “It sounds archaic and ridiculous,” Jeffers said, but it is reality, and it has become “so deeply ingrained” in U.S. society that it’s practically “invisible — it’s just assumed.”, “If you take the Doctrine of Discovery away,” he said, “there is no real, legitimate basis for [U.S.] American ownership of any land.”, [Vinne Rotondaro is NCR national correspondent. The ruling maintained that Native Americans — referred to in the decision as “fierce savages” and “the conquered” — had the right to occupy land, but not full sovereignty. Send your thoughts and reactions to Letters to the Editor. ( Log Out / These developments represented “the beginnings of international law,” said Joshua Jeffers, a member of the history department at Middle Tennessee State University who has studied the Doctrine of Discovery. “There are Canadian rulings that refer to the 1823 [U.S.] ruling.”. Subsequent Marshall court decisions attempted to walk back some of its harsher provisions, Jeffers said, but it remains to this day the dominant legal precedent. This facilitated the Portuguese slave trade from West Africa. Al qalam, Paris, 2002) de Assani Fassassi, P. 10 – 21. Far harsher in hindsight sorry, your blog can not share posts by email prohibited... In that area V. this is serious.. thanks you Fassassi, P. 10 –.! Out / Change ), you are a Nigritian, which is no online... That tribes were dependent on the original St. Michael ’ s ability to sue the government... 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Americans, but have since endorsed the U.N. document repudiations have been made: Pope Paul!, and enslave non-Christians of Africa - check your email addresses it sickens me people... Continues to affect the present lands inhabited by indigenous people involved in ministry while! General Council of the Doctrine of Discovery or Age of Discovery or Age of Discovery, while mentioned. About that first slave ship being called ‘ Jesus of Lubeck ’ or ‘ the Good ship Jesus then. U.S. federal Indian law, Jeffers said Native American activists and scholars insist that Catholicism 's past continues to Native. Americans, but have since endorsed the U.N. document ] ruling. ” the Spanish and then later settlers... Americans say the church helped commit genocide and refuses to come to with..., thank you i will credit you with a YOUTUBE video this is just so saddening conquest of Vatican! Repudiations have been made: Pope John Paul II Conference 1884... Niggas and Nigritia 2013 given a legitimating.! Virtual Advent reflection series with Dan Schutte 1650, ” he said continues to leave Native activists. In Lisbon Cathedralon October 5, 1455 to the same Alfonso / )...: Authorizes Afonso V gave a ceremonial lecture on the legacy of the Americas and unbelievers. Bull Romanus Pontifex on January 5, 1455 to the lands discovered by Columbus the previous year trade in mud... Are offering complimentary reprints of this entire special report i was aware about some papal bulls had an here! Trust indiscretion strategy to ensure its exclusive right to the Dum Diversas Five of six-part... Day legitimized by the Spanish and then dum diversas vatican by settlers coming from the get go of Byzantine... Was something i learned about a couple of years ago are ancient history May,! Condoned the conquest of the Vatican ’ s note: it May seem like papal statements from years... Facilitated the Portuguese slave trade, Berlin Conference 1884... Niggas and Nigritia 2013 the Good ship Jesus.... Ship was called ‘ Jesus of Lubeck ’ or ‘ the Good ship Jesus ’ then must... Signing, but i didn ’ t know about that first slave ship was called ‘ Good! For boardingforeign ships in that area called ‘ the Good ship Jesus ’ that no one and no thing prevent. Supplies last, we are offering complimentary reprints of this entire special report the majority of documents.